Pregnant Women- Pregnant women have special foot problems from weight gain, swelling in their feet and ankles, and the release of certain hormones during pregnancy that cause ligaments to relax. These hormones help with childbearing, but can weaken the soft tissue structure of the feet. Occupational Risk Factors A 2000 study reported that smokers are at higher risk for blisters , bruises , sprains , and fractures , most likely because they tend to be less fit than nonsmokers. Smokers may also heal less quickly, which affects some foot surgeries. Your foot does not feel better after using at-home treatments for 1-2 weeks What to Expect at Your Office Visit No pain at first, increasing as tendon becomes tighter and toes stiffen Metatarsal stress fracture Area beneath the second or third toe Sudden pain when injury occurs Sesamoiditis Ball of foot beneath big toe Pain and swelling Plantar fasciitis Back of the arch right in front of heel At onset, some people report a tearing or popping sound Sometimes people report fatigue, pain, or stiffness in the feet, legs, and lower back High Arches (Hollow feet) The arch High arches If it ruptures, popping sound may occur followed by acute pain similar to a blow at the back of the leg Fissures - sometimes the skin by the heel gets dry, forming cracks in the skin and pain ; they can bleed also Sinus Tarsi Syndrome - a common cause of pain when you roll over on your ankle and you stretch or tear ligaments Tailors Bunion - noticeable as a bony lump just behind your little toe and often an hereditary defect that causes the 5th metatarsal to become enlarged causing foot pains on the side of the foot Treatment Options - simplest to find are gel insoles - these provide protection for the ball and heel of the foot - the two high impact zones on the feet Supportive shoes - Avoid wearing high-heels as these shoes place a particular amount of stress on the arch region. Instead, wear footwear that properly fits your foot and provides it with proper support including shock absorbing soles, and a moderate, supportive heel. Furthermore, you should wear shoes to support your feet as much as you can. Also, limit the amount of time you walk barefoot, and don't walk barefoot on hard surfaces. Stretches - Stretching your calf muscle and Achilles tendon causes you to flex your foot , which in turn allows you to stretch the arch. Stretching encourages circulation. In most of the cases when people suffer foot pain the first thing they do is to reduce their activity. This usually works quote well as it will rest the foot They apply pain removing gel to the painful area or take anti-inflammatory medications. This approach masks the symptoms of their foot pain The real underlying problem of most kinds of foot pain is a functional abnormality that will need to be corrected. Over weight and unfit people who are trying to lose weight often walk for exercise. The extra weight and activity further strains the feet , making walking less enjoyable, making exercise and weight loss even less likely. When considering treatment for this foot problem, correct diagnosis of the underlying cause is the key to resolve this issue. Appropriate footwear selection is the best remedy for foot burning pain. Buying shoes that possess a wide and high toe box area can help to relieve burning sensation in the foot. Use of high heel shoes or too much sprinting or jumping can also cause foot burning and pain. In such cases, taking adequate rest can help to ease the pain. The cause of foot pain can be narrowed down by location and by considering some of the most common causes of foot pain. Heel Pain This pain is felt at the ball of the foot or just proximal the toes. The term metatarsalgia is named after the metatarsal bones which are located at this region. The disease is brought about by increased stress and load in the area secondary to prolonged running and jumping activities. Edema and pain are present as the condition becomes more severe. This is the term used in sprain in the proximal phalanx of the big toe. It happens after the big toe is hyper extended which causes a tear on the supporting ligaments. Walking and running are very painful with this condition. Heel pain happens to be the most common foot problem and affects two million Americans every year. When you consider the amount of stress you put on your feet on a daily basis by just standing and walking , it’s amazing there aren’t more feet problems. Injuries to the ligaments, muscles, and tendons of the legs produce painful conditions that can also plague your feet. Exercise – Athletes often overdo it and find themselves adding strain to the heel of the foot. Taking the proper precautions before and after workout, wearing supportive athletic shoes, and gradually warming up to a more rigorous work-out can prevent possible injuries. Too much pounding. You're probably coming down too hard on this area of your foot when you run. As a result bursitis may have developed, with your foot building a cushion called a bursa to protect the area. The pain you feel is the bursa getting irritated. If your symptoms do not match those listed above for a metatarsal stress fracture, the pain is probably caused by either a bone spur or simply shoes that are too tight. A bone spur is an enlarged bone; you'll see it as a bump on top of the foot. The bone has probably grown as a result of pressure being applied to it.